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IPv6 – The New Internet Protocol

Not many of us may know this, but in a short span of time the worldwide internet as we all know it – may run out of available IP addresses. IP? What’s that? Well, IP stands short for Internet Protocol and is the one standard protocol required for anybody to be able to connect to the internet. Every gadget or PCs around which needs the Web must have their own unique IP address to be able to connect online. The current IP standard still in use as of today is the 20 year old IP version 4 or IPv4. I work as a freelance tech support specialist, computer cafe administrator and webmaster, which makes me pretty much familiar with these IP conventions. I guess you might have seen the numbers or anything looking like such a large set of numbers whenever you run into trouble with your router, your ISP provider or just playing LAN or Online games. This is the IP address produced by the IPv4 which uses the 32 bit addressing scheme that provides us all with 4.2 billion possible unique IP addresses. What a gargantuan number, but be warned since there are 6.5 billion people in the world today and that everyone may likely be hooked-up online one way or another sooner. It becomes pretty urgent to find a way in preventing the drought of IP addresses – welcome IPv6. In stark contrast, IPv6 uses not four sets of triple numbers like IPv4 (e.g. but it balloons to eight sets of not decimal values but hexadecimal (these are numeral systems related to binaries). One example will be 4dde:73aa:2002:3954:0:8738:a4bd:fcf3. Now try memorizing that! It’s not even separated by full stops (or dots) but by colons. Just a primer, IPv6 leaves IPv4 to the dust as it can produce unique IP addresses of up to 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456. Whoa! That should quench the webs’ thirst for IPs! Let’s forget the paranoia with the numbers, we’ll go on to IPv6 features compared to granddaddy IPv4.

IPv6 new features:

  • Default IPsec
  • Larger address space
  • Stateless autoconfiguration of hosts
  • Multicast
  • Anycast
  • Better VoIP Performance
  • Jumbograms
  • Faster routing
  • 128-bit length addressing
  • Simpler Configuration

Next stop, we will talk about how to install IPv6 in Windows XP.


How to remove CTFMON

Ever heard of CTFMON? Try looking at the processes in the Task Manager. This one very annoying Windows program runs during start up. It is a harmless process connected with the Alternate User Input Text Input Processor and the Microsoft Office Language Bar. You may had been frustrated trying to remove it every way possible you can. I bet that you have tried deleting it in the Windows folder, in the registry, in MSconfig or used a third party registry editor. And nothing’s solving the issue. If you’re like me who’s an OSI and freeware advocate and seldom use programs like MS Office, here’s the workaround. Blast that CTFMON! This process is critical if you have a very thrifty PC memory. Now, try to go to Control panel then proceed to Add and Remove Programs. Select the Microsoft Office product and hit change. After that you will see Maintenance Mode Options, then choose Add or Remove Features and hit Next. Click on Office Shared Features and look for Alternative User Input and check Not available then hit Update. Now open Control Panel and go to Regional and language Options. Click on Language tab and Details. In the Installed Services, select and remove all items except English keyboard. For starters, the last part may seem awkwardly difficult but believe me, you can do this. Hit Start, Run and enter these commands: Regsvr32.exe /u msimtf.dll and then Regsvr32.exe /u Msctf.dll . It’s better to do these things step by step but normally, I just do the last two commands. Do what’s effective for you.

Windows XP Run Commands

I am a keyboard freak. If by chance you get a glance of my desktop screen, you will not see a single icon. I only leave my run command tab as the remaining point of command in my Windows XP OS. I inherited this behavior even during the MS-DOS days – obviously. Here is a list of the commands I usually use that you yourself can employ if ever you want to get more in tune with the command line.

Accessibility Controls – access.cpl
Add Hardware Wizard – hdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs – appwiz.cpl
Administrative Tools – control admintools
Adobe Acrobat – acrobat
Adobe ImageReady – imageready
Adobe Photoshop – photoshop
Automatic Updates – wuaucpl.cpl
Bluetooth Transfer Wizard – fsquirt
Calculator – calc
Ccleaner – ccleaner (run ccleaner)
Certificate Manager – certmgr.msc
Character Editor – eudcedit
Character Map – charmap
Check Disk Utility – chkdsk
Check Disk Utility Fix – chkdsk /f
Clear DOS screen – cls
Clipboard Viewer – clipbrd
Command Prompt – cmd
Component Services – dcomcnfg
Continue reading

Windows XP SP2 Tweaks Part 1

These are few of the usual tweaks I perform for Windows XP. Currently, I’m using Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005. Not all of these tips may work for everyone but is most effective to boost XP system performance.

Stop the unwanted Services:
(Either choose to completely disable or check manual) FTP Publishing (If you’re not into web publishing), Message Queuing, DLTC, IPSEC Policy, Remote Registry Agent, RIP Listener, WWW Publishing, Automatic Updates (Take care: If you don’t want the updates), Error Reporting, System Restore, Indexing, Internet Connection Firewall (Be careful: Only if not in use), Messenger, NVdia Driver Helper, Portable Media Serial Number, Task Scheduler

In System Properties:
You can disable Remote Connection, Automatic Updates, and System Restore to speed-up your PCs performance.

Swap File:
Change min and max to at least 2GB

Always Clean Prefetch and Temporary Files and history if unneeded

File System:
NTFS is the best considering its’ encryption, security, and I/O throttling capabilities. It also supports up to 2 terabytes HD capacity.

Windows 2000 Log-on for XP:
Go to Users, uncheck Welcome Screen and your done.

Remove the intrusive Windows components:
Go first to folder options and choose to show hidden and system files. Navigate to Windows and search for INF folder, then look for sysoc and open it with Notepad. Then go to Edit toolbar, press Replace, type Hide in the first blank space, and leave the second space blank. Save the file and voila! Now you’re done. You can now uninstall unnecessary windows components like Messenger, Outlook and many more.

Fast Boot Sequence:
Download and install bootvis, if you like you can set the windows theme appearance to best performance, or take out the wallpaper. You can also uncheck GUI-boot loading in MS-config.

Wireless Device Configuration:
It is best to leave Windows XP to install automatically drivers for your wireless devices for it will connect you to available wireless resources by default.

First enable Hibernation in Power icon in control panel if your system supports it. Then at log-off or shut down menu, press H or just the Shift button and you can now hibernate.